Hvad skal du se i Granada? Forskellige kulturer har sat historisk præg på andalusiske by, og de bedste oplevelser i Granada finder du i et farverigt kludetæppe af arkitektur, kunst og lokalliv.
Granada er et sandt slaraffenland for kultur- og historieinteresserede. De fleste kender Granada, fordi det er her det verdensberømte palads Alhambra ligger. Mange besøger kun det mauriske palads og suser hurtigt videre, og det er en skam. For der venter et bombardement af andre farverige og interessante kulturoplevelser i Granada.
Gennem historien har både sigøjnere, arabere, jøder, kristne, intellektuelle og bohemer sat deres præg på Granada, og sporerne efter dem er tydelige samtidig med, at Granada også peger ind i fremtiden.
Bevæg dig rundt i krogede, brostensbelagte gader og på moderne boulevarder, og gå på opdagelse i alt fra mauriske paladser og palæer, kristne kirker og klostre til moderne gadekunst. Og nyd også en aften med et flamencoshow. Undervejs kan du nyde masser af skønne udsigtspunkter, hvorfra du kan beundre byen og Alhambra.
1. The world famous Moorish palace
The Alhambra cruises high above Granada from its hill as a symbol of the Maude’s heyday in Granada. The giant complex consists of several palaces and gardens as well as fortifications. It was built from the 8th to the 13th centuries and served as a residence and fortress for Sultans during the Nasrid dynasty until the Christians conquered Granada in 1492.
The impressive complex is Spain’s prime example of Moorish architecture and construction and the most visited attraction in Granada.
It takes at least half a day to get through it all. If you do not have much time available, be sure to visit the two most important places: the Nasrid palaces, where the Sultans and the Harem lived, as well as the Sultans’ summer residence, Generalife, and the surrounding beautiful gardens.
Alhambra , Calle Real de la Alhambra
2. Watch the sunset over Granada
The most beautiful view of Granada you get from the top of the San Miguel hill, where the locals also celebrate the Archangel St. Michael every year in September.
The route is steep, but there is a bus from the city center and you are rewarded with fantastic panoramic views of the city with the Arab neighborhood and the city wall below, the Alhambra and Sierra Nevada in the background. Come at sunset, where many locals gather (and hardly as many tourists as at other vantage points in the city).
Mirador de San Miguel Alto , C / Patio de la Alberca 36
3. Take a stroll down Granada’s most picturesque street
Carrera del Darro runs along the Darro River and dates from the 17th century. It is also one of the most beautiful streets in the city. The name derives from Latin and means “The Golden Road”. Stroll along the river with beautiful bridges on one side that cross the river to the Churra neighborhood and the city’s Arab neighborhood on the other.
Carrera del Darro is filled with fine 16th and 17th century architectural gems as well as remnants of Arab buildings. From here you can also begin the ascent to Granada’s Arab neighborhood, Albayzin.
Carrera del Darro
4. Visit the Arab Baths
On your way through Carrera del Darro, take a look at number 31, where you will find Spain’s most well-preserved 11th-century Arab baths in the street’s oldest Arab building.
The Arab baths only escaped being destroyed by the Christian monarchs because they are located in a privately owned Christian-restored house. In 1918 the baths were restored and appointed as a national monument. The beautiful star ceiling makes the light and the experience in the Arab baths very special.
El Bañuelo, Carrera del Darro 31
5. Moorish mansion in the Arab quarter
In Albayzin, a stone’s throw from the Arab baths, you will find the Moorish mansion, Casa de Zafra. It was built for an aristocratic family in the 14th century and is a fine example of how Andalusian aristocrats built their homes during the Nasrid period. The top floor has been added in the 15th century, and from here there are beautiful views of the Alhambra.
The house has been preserved only after the Christian reconquest because it was associated with the convent of Santa Catalina de Zafra for a period. Casa de Zafra also has an information room where you can learn about the history of Albaicín and Granada.
Casa de Zafra , Calle Portería Concepción 8
6. Arab house with wonderful backyard
Further inside Albayzin’s winding, narrow streets, lies another Arabic house, Casa de Horno del Oro, which was built in two stages in the 15th and 16th centuries and unites Moorish and Spanish architecture.
The house has probably been inhabited by a nobleman. The pool in the courtyard, which also has Casa de Zafra, is a symbol of wealth, and the otherwise spartan exterior of the house was merely to conceal the interior wealth.
Casa de Horno del Oro is a bit like Casa de Zafra. Whenever I include it in the list of the best sights in Granada, it is because there is a beautiful garden behind the house, where you do not meet many tourists, but in return get breathtaking views of the Alhambra. And it’s worth a look.
Casa Morisca de Horno del Oro , Calle Horno del Oro 14
7. Get lost in the Arab neighborhood
Once you’ve passed the major sights in Albayzin, you’ll also have to give yourself room for one of the more impulsive experiences in Granada. Set aside a few hours or more to just stroll around the quaint, steep streets of the neighborhood, where you’ll find a lovely blend of Moorish and Andalusian architecture, fragrant flowers in blocks on balconies and along the house walls.
Take a break at an Albayzin’s many small teahouses and bars and enjoy a cup of tea or a beer and a tapa. Several of the places have beautiful views of the Alhambra.
8. Granada’s most famous vantage point
End your tour of the Arab neighborhood of beautiful San Nícolas Church with Granada’s most visited vantage point outside the church door.
Here you get a view of the Alhambra from the most photographed and direct angle and one of the most touristy experiences in Granada.
The place is often filled with street musicians and vendors among all the tourists, but despite this, it is nevertheless charming. And then you can happily turn your back to the crowd and just enjoy the view.
Mirador de San Nicolas , Calle Mirador de San Nicolás
9. Shop for exotic souvenirs
In the Albayzin neighborhood, Caldereria Street and surrounding streets have been transformed into a true slum land of an Arab market in the many small shops. Step into an exotic world with the scent of incense, freshly brewed tea and spices in your nostrils and go in search of things for your suitcase.
Here you can find good gifts such as lamps and rugs in all kinds of colors and patterns, leather bags, ceramics, clothes, shoes, water pipes, spices, teas in all flavors and incense.
Even if you’re not born with a big shopping spree, take a stroll through the streets and enjoy this alternative and exotic attraction in Granada.
Calle Caldereria Vieja
10. Granada’s oldest Moorish monument
Corral del Carbón is located on the pedestrian street of Reyes Católicos and is the oldest Moorish monument in Granada. It was built in the 14th century by Yusuf I in the Nadrid era and consists of a curved entrance gate with fine carvings and, in contrast to it, a single courtyard with cool walkways with apartments.
The site was used to store the goods sold on site and to home buyers who came by the city. In the 16th century, Christians used it for theatrical performances.
Today, concerts and performances are held in the courtyard in the summer.
Corral del Carbon , Calle Mariana Pineda
11. See how the Gypsies lived
On the edge of Albayzin lies Granada’s old Gypsy quarter, Sacromonte.
Zigzag up the steep, narrow streets, filled with caves built into the mountain, and up to the Gypsy Museum of Cuevas del Sacromonte.
From the 16th century until the 1960s gypsies lived in the mountain caves, and at the museum, which is one of the most visual, popular and colorful experiences in Granada, cave caves identical to them, the gypsies have been created. lived in.
Here you get a look into both kitchens, living rooms and bedrooms, and you can see how the gypsies worked with crafts in the workshops as well as in the stables. You can also get insight into the history of flamenco, as well as the place has a fine selection of local plants.
Today, a large portion of Granada’s gypsies still live in the neighborhood, but Sacramento’s charm and alternative housing also attract plenty of hippies, bohemians and hipsters. Today, however, they live both with modern kitchens and bathrooms, WiFi and flat screens.
Museo Cuevas del Sacromonte , accessed via Calle Verea de Enmedio
12. Flamenco in the Gypsy Quarter
The Sacromonte neighborhood is relatively deserted and quiet during the day, but in the evening the neighborhood transforms into a large flamenco party when the doors open to the many caves where flamenco concerts are held.
The quality is not always high in all places, and despite advertising with “real” gypsy flamenco in most places, you are not guaranteed to have an authentic experience. In many places mediocre tourist flamenco is supplied. If you want to get a good experience with nerve and passion, spend a few hours at a flamenco concert in Cueva de la Rocio. Buy tickets in advance.
Cueva de la Rocio , Camino del Sacromonte 70
13. Explore Granada’s street art
There is not much left to show that the city’s Jews have lived in the Realejo neighborhood for nearly 800 years. In return, the Old Jewish Quarter allows you to have some modern experiences in Granada. Today, the charming neighborhood has become the center of the city’s street artists, using both new and old house walls as canvas.
Discover the local street art, which is especially influenced by the artist Raúl Ruiz, who works under the artist name El Niño de las Pinturas ‘ (the child of the painters ). Ruiz’s works are mainly concentrated in the street Calle Molinis, where he himself lived in number 44. His childhood home is of course adorned by his works, and in number 12 you find his famous work The Thinker , which is an interpretation of Rodin.
You will also find lots of street art by other artists at the school Enseñanza Santo Domingo, at the intersection of the streets of Vistillas de los Ángeles and Molino.
Raúl Ruiz’s home , Calle de Molinos 44
14. The Old School of Quran
The Madraza Palace is located in a characteristic building, facing the royal chapel and is worth a look into. The palace was built in the 14th century by Yusuf I and served as the headquarters of the Koran school. All that remains of the original palace is the beautiful, horseshoe-shaped mihram, created in the Alhambra style with stunning embellishments.
After the Christian reconstruction, the palace was rebuilt in its current Baroque style, and today the building houses parts of the University of Granada.
Palacio de la Madraza, Calle Oficios 14
15. The Cathedral and the Royal Chapel
The cathedral is, in my opinion, one of the experiences in Granada that one can easily skip. It is from the 16th century and a distinctive mix of Renaissance and Gothic. It is located right in the center, surrounded by cozy streets with lots of bars and restaurants. So you can just walk in the streets, see the cathedral and see it from the outside and take a quick look inside.
On the other hand, the royal chapel, which is behind the church (entrance to the Madraza Palace), is worth a visit. Here rest the important monarchs Isabella I and Ferdinand II as well as several other members of the royal family.
In the chapel there are also several interesting works of art by Spanish and Italian artists. Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Bartolomé Bermejo and Pedro Berruguete.
16. Enjoy the people’s life in the beautiful place
Granada has many nice places where you can enjoy a cup of coffee or a drink while studying local life. My favorite place is Trinidad. Here you will get one of the more popular and local experiences in Granada around the central fountain, surrounded by fragrant orange trees.
I especially love the small wooden stalls in the square where the locals meet and buy freshly baked bread and get themselves a gossip.
Later in the day, meet on the finely carved iron benches or at one of the coffee tables for a cup of coffee or beer.
Although the square is located in the middle of the vibrant center, surrounded by large shopping streets, it is a lovely oasis when you need a break.
Plaza de la Trinidad
17. Go to the monastery
The San Jerónimo Monastery was the first to be built in Granada after the Christians conquered the city. The work was started by the monarchs Fernando and Isabel in 1492 and it was completed in 1547. The monastery is an icon of Granada’s Renaissance style and for that reason worth a visit.
The monastery consists of two monasteries, but only one can be visited as the other is used by nuns.
In the church you should notice the beautiful vaulted ceilings and the altarpiece, which is a fine example of Andalusian sculpture, created by Pablo de Rojas. Captain Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba and Enríquez de Aguilar (known as Gran Capitán) are buried here.
Monasterio de San Jerónimo, Calle Rector López Argueta 9
Rejsen til Granada
Granada har en lufthavn, men der afgår ikke direkte fly fra Danmark, så du skal mellemlande undervejs.
Den hurtigste og mest behagelige måde at komme til Granada på er med fly til Málaga, hvorfra du kan leje en bil eller køre i bus. Det tager ca. 1 time og 45 minutter at køre fra Málaga til Granada.
Hoteller i Granada. Jeg boede på Hotel Occidental, som ligger meget centralt. Hotellet er moderne med store, lyse værelser og god morgenbuffet. Læs mere om Hotel Occidental, se fotos og tjek tilgængelighed (reklamelink).
Søg og find flere hoteller i Granada (reklamelink)
Spar penge på entré til seværdigheder i Granada
Vil du opleve mange af Granadas seværdigheder, så kan det godt betale sig at købe et Granada Card. Kortet giver adgang til mange af de mest interessante seværdigheder i byen, også Alhambra og Generalife, samt gratis transport med bus. Jeg havde stor glæde af kortet, da jeg var i Granada. Der findes både Granada Card til voksne og børn, og du skal købe kortet online